Get in touch with lens have on and care in Spain during the COVID-19 pandemic

A fifty eight-item nameless on the web survey was distributed in the period of time 30th April to 10th May well by using Qualtrics. The survey explored: a) demographic qualities (age, sexual intercourse, normal overall health and where by they had been dwelling during lockdown), b) modifications in their Make contact with lens use all through lockdown, c) hygiene and make contact with lens compliance and d) problems associated with contact lens wear and methods to guidance wearers in the pandemic.

Products and procedures

The analyze was conducted in settlement Along with the tenets with the Declaration of Helsinki. The School of Science and Engineering Research Ethics Panel at Anglia Ruskin College (ARU) reviewed and approved the review protocol. Qualtrics software (Qualtrics, Provo, UT) was applied to collect details through an internet questionnaire. Just one submission from Each individual IP deal with was permitted via the study application. Non-identifiable data were gathered, and all members gave their educated consent on-line after looking at a participant information sheet At the beginning of your study. The inclusion conditions provided Grownups more mature than 18 who have been utilizing contact lenses and residing in Spain in the course of the lockdown because of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Study properties and distribution

The study made use of was translated and adapted to accommodate for your Spanish lockdown qualities from a study distributed in the UK [

]. The study had fifty eight queries divided into 4 sections. The primary area focused on assessing the demographic characteristics of your individuals including age, intercourse, common heath, and where they were being residing during the lockdown. The next segment requested about potential alterations within their patterns linked to the usage of Get hold of lenses (CLs) due to the lockdown. The third section focused on hygiene and phone lens compliance over the COVID-19 pandemic (e.g. washing hands, lens care, lens situation substitute). The queries related to lens treatment disinfection and lens circumstance treatment were being only displayed If your participant made use of reusable CLs.
The ultimate section centered on assessing considerations associated with Call lens have on and methods to very best assistance wearers in the COVID-19 pandemic. Respondents were also questioned about compliance with tips concerning safe Get in touch with lens don offered by their delivery codes

Affected individual demographics

A complete of 396 individuals completed the nameless on the net survey. Ahead of data Investigation, responses had been taken off beneath the following situation: These residing beyond Spain (n = 38), These not consenting to take part while in the study (n = 19), when just some First queries about intercourse and placement ended up finished (n = 78) and those young than eighteen several years (n = one). A total of 260 respondents ended up appropriate for Investigation. The signify age on the respondents was 38.eight ± 11.4 yrs outdated (array eighteen-seventy two several years) and 75% were feminine. Respondents’ demographics and COVID-19


Seventy-5 percent of respondents documented a adjust of their handwashing routine during the pandemic. Self-reports of hand washing prior to inserting and immediately after getting rid of Get in touch with lens with both ‘most situations’ or’ each time’ were related (each ninety seven%). In addition, ninety seven% also responded employing cleaning soap and water through handwashing. In distinction, only forty four% described pursuing the 20-next rule ‘anytime’ (with an extra 43% accomplishing it ‘most instances’) and 25% described washing their arms ‘whenever’ soon after coughing, sneezing or blowing their nose (with an extra forty three% executing it ‘most occasions’). When questioned about how they dried their hands, the responses included: fabric towel shared with other loved ones (forty eight%), cloth towel only employed by them selves (39%), paper towel (twelve%).
There were no statistically sizeable variances among every day disposable and reusable lens wearers for handwashing just before inserting and taking away Speak to lenses (p = 0.716 and p = 0.214 respectively), handwashing system (i.e. utilizing cleaning soap and drinking water, drinking water only, antibacterial wipes/options p = 0.214) and for drying patterns (According to earlier mentioned choices, p = 0.151).